Types Of Heart Disease

The first time the doctor diagnoses heart disease to you or a loved one, you may feel overwhelmed and ask yourself many questions. You may feel confused when you hear certain words the doctor uses, such as congestive, pulmonary, or cyanotic. What is the difference between them? A heart disease is a heart disease, right?

All types of heart disease share common characteristics, but they also present key differences that can determine its course and treatment. Being familiar with the type of heart disease you have can help both you and your loved ones better understand what it is about and feel you have control over the next steps you should take.

Angina Pectoris

Angina causes pain or stiffness in the chest area, resulting in a kind of squeezing sensation that often resembles indigestion. This condition is not a disease in itself. It is usually a symptom of coronary artery disease, in which the arteries supplying blood to the heart tighten and harden. Angina may also indicate microvascular coronary disease, which is a type of heart disease that affects the smaller coronary arteries.

There are different types of angina, which are signs of some form of heart disease that must be controlled by a doctor.

Congenital Heart Disease

Heart disease or congenital heart malformations are cardiac abnormalities that are present from birth. They occur during the development of the fetus in the uterus and can be caused by viral infections, medications, chemicals, alcohol or other unknown causes.

These abnormalities can affect different parts of the heart, including the septum, valves, blood vessels, aorta, chambers and others. Regardless of the abnormality, it can alter the correct blood flow and produce symptoms such as


2)Shortness of breath

3)Bluish skin


4)Poor eating habits

5)Swelling of the abdomen and around the eyes

Although the treatment varies according to the severity of the anomaly, it usually involves a surgical intervention.

Usually, the treatments involve surgical interventions to correct the anomaly.

Hypertensive Heart Disease

High blood pressure, or hypertension, can cause several heart problems, known as hypertensive heart disease. The related problems are as follows:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • heart failure
  • angina pectoris
  • heart attack
  • Arrhythmias
  • Ischemic heart disease

The word ischemic means reduced blood flow. Ischemic heart disease is any heart disease caused by a reduction in blood flow to the heart. Although the causes may be many, the highest incidence of this disease can be attributed to atherosclerosis, which is a narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. This disease is also called coronary artery disease.

Inflammatory Heart Disease

This disease is characterized by inflammation of the heart muscles or surrounding tissues that may be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infections or by immune diseases. Symptoms generally include the following:

  • angina pectoris
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of feet and ankles
  • fatigue

The people most at risk are those who suffered from a birth defect or previous heart damage, those who use intravenous drugs and those who have an artificial heart valve. Treatment depends on the extent of myocardial damage and usually includes medications or surgeries.

Organic Heart Disease

This is a general term that refers to any type of heart disease in which the heart itself is affected and does not function as it should. This type of disease is due to a physiological problem, such as deformity or inflammation.

Pulmonary Heart Disease

Also called right heart failure, pulmonary heart disease occurs when a disease of the lungs affects the heart. Blood flow to the lungs may become slower or clogged, increasing blood pressure in the lungs. As a result, the right side of the heart is forced to make a greater effort, which can damage the myocardium.

One of the possible consequences is congestive heart failure. Pulmonary heart disease can be caused by obstruction of a pulmonary artery or by respiratory diseases, such as emphysema. Treatments may include medications, vasodilators, and oxygen therapy.

Structural Heart Disease

This term describes any condition that affects the structure of the heart itself. It usually refers to congenital heart abnormalities, but may also include abnormalities in the valves and heart vessels that manifest over time as a result of aging or some disease.

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